2008: Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann, the first to synthesize the drug LSD, dies at the age of 102 in Burg im Leimental, Switzerland. Hofmann, seen here in 2006, first made the drug in 1938 at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland, in hopes of treating respiratory problems. The short form "LSD" comes from the drug's early codename LSD-25, an abbreviation for the German "Lysergsäure-diethylamid" followed by a sequential number. Hofmann also was the first person to ever observe the psychedelic effects of LSD when he accidentally absorbed some of the drug through his skin from touching its container on April 16, 1943. Three days later, he intentionally ingested 250 micrograms of LSD, becoming the first intentional acid trip.