1959: A chartered plane carrying rock stars Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and J. P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson crashes soon after takeoff from Clear Lake, Iowa, killing all three along with pilot Roger Peterson. An investigation later determined that a combination of poor weather conditions and pilot error caused spatial disorientation that made Peterson lose control of the plane. The rock stars, touring as part of the Winter Dance Party tour, had chartered the plane to avoid a long bus ride in cold weather from the Surf Ballroom in Clear Lake to the next show in Moorhead, Minnesota. Holly was 22, Valens was 17 and Richardson was 28 at the time of the crash. Waylon Jennings, then a member of Holly's backup band, gave up his seat on the flight to Richardson, who was suffering from the flu, while Tommy Allsup, another member of Holly's band, lost his place to Valens on a coin toss.